Clareity is continually looking for best practices and new ideas in strategic planning. We look at case studies of what the great strategic consulting specialists have done; examine what is being read by business leaders in such publications as the Harvard Business Review; survey the academic literature on strategic planning in journals like the Strategic Management Journal; and reflect on current strategic conference proceedings. Out of all these sources, Clareity takes away the most important parts and considers how they can best be applied to our clients in the world of organized real estate.
Strategic planning is a way of trying to anticipate and shape an organization’s future based on what it is like now, and what future conditions are likely to apply. Henry Mintzberg defined the traditional concept of strategic planning as “an analytic process for establishing long-range goals and action plans for an organization; that is, as one of formulation followed by implementation.” Clareity uses two primary strategic planning models to assist its clients in these efforts: 1) Vision- or goals-based strategic planning, and 2) Issues-based strategic planning. Based on the conditions in a particular organization, we will choose which model best fits our client’s needs, or often merge these and other planning models for best effect.
If your organization is small and has not yet developed a plan (most typically one of our technology company clients), “vision-based strategic planning” is probably the best starting point for identifying direction and giving you the tools to achieve your goals. Clareity will work with your leadership to identify your organization’s purpose and craft a clear and concise mission statement (the formulation phase), and then to identify a vision for where you want to be at some future point. On the basis of these components, we will work with you to identify the specific goals needed to achieve these strategies, and the actions you need to take to achieve the goals (the implementation phase), then compile an appropriate strategic plan.
The second model, issues-based strategic planning, is useful primarily for organizations that have a history of attempting to meet particular goals, but have not succeeded, or are facing particular issues that might be better addressed by stepping back to strategically plan a response. In such cases, we work with you to identify the major issues your organization is facing, brainstorm ideas for responding to them, and then craft a strategic plan that will enable you to address them in an organized, purposeful way. One way of thinking about the difference between vision-based and issues-based planning is that the first works from the top down while the second works from the bottom up. Again, sometimes these models must be successfully combined to address our client’s needs.
There are several exercises that are useful to incorporate into some of the planning models. One of the most important of these is the “SWOT Analysis” The “SW” in “SWOT” stands for “strengths and weaknesses”; you are looking inside the organization to find out what it is doing well and badly, what are its assets, and what are its deficits. Existing resources can be exploited, while missing resources can be developed or acquired. The “OT” in “SWOT” stands for “opportunities and threats”; you are mostly looking outside the organization to find out what lies in store for it, though some threats are internal. Opportunities may include things like new market segments, new technologies that, if taken advantage of, will put the organization in front, and the possibility for a merger, acquisition, or alliance.
It is helpful to remember that MLSs have their own idiosyncrasies and needs, and some planning models don’t work as well for them. For example, “scenario planning” attempts to identify external forces that might affect an organization, develop responses (scenarios) that could provide effective responses to them, and then fold these scenarios into a new strategic plan. Understanding “Black Swans” and other potential disruptors can be a useful exercise – and Clareity can bring that to bear as a part of strategic planning. However, the rate of change in real estate technology is so rapid and disruptive that that the time spent on evolving the most elaborate scenarios to respond to externalities is wasted when those scenarios become obsolete very quickly.
The “Black Swans” strategic planning presentation and exercise –
also used as a standalone presentation for Boards of Directors
Likewise, organic (or self-organizing) planning, which evolves plans in response to ongoing conversations about shared values, is not well suited to the more linear practices of MLSs and associations. The MLS and association environments are not ones that lend themselves well to endless discussions and debates about abstract concepts, preferring a more action-oriented, proactive approach.
On the horizon, however, the new “real-time planning model” will allow organizations to adapt to conditions on the ground. For example, an organization that already has a strategic plan may identify several current issues, then collect empirical data to accurately explain them, and update their strategic plans as necessary to respond to them, rather than just yearly. If carefully managed, a real-time planning model can enable your organization to keep itself current and relevant by responding more adaptively to changing conditions, while still constraining these responses within a long-term vision. Clareity clients often look to us for ongoing check-ins, presentation of new external emerging issues, and measurement of progress – converting their old-school, once-a-year or even once-every-three-years planning engagements into an ongoing exercise.
With all these models of strategic planning, ongoing implementation is the real challenge. A study of one of the three largest strategic consulting firms in the U.S. revealed that only 10% of its clients fully implemented their strategic plans within the time frame of the plans. Deterrents to implementation included a lack of buy-in by executives and staff, lack of incentive for employees to implement the plan, insufficient communication of the plan and its importance to stakeholders, lack of responsiveness and regrouping when external events outside the vision of the plan occurred, lack of milestones and targets by which implementation could be measured, and lack of accountability of specific employees and executives to make sure the plan got done. Our clients, in the event that they have these types of issues, call on us to help keep their plan on track. Because a consultant isn’t beholden to any particular political constituency, we can make major suggestions, negotiate buy-in across the organization, and keep people’s feet to the fire.
Regardless of what method of strategic planning is appropriate for your organization, Clareity can help: whether you are formulating a strategic plan for the first time, modifying an existing one in the light of changed circumstances, or in the middle of your plan’s implementation phase. A strategic plan can make the difference between being in charge of your organization’s destiny and being blindsided by events as they happen. It can also mean the difference between a board of directors that sets direction and trust the staff to execute on that plan versus having a troubled organization where the board feels it must micro-manage to get things done. In today’s increasingly competitive and fast-changing environment, strategic planning is critical – and “making it up as you go along” is not an option.
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